Glaucoma is an eye disease which usually affects people over 45 years of age. An estimated 60 million people suffer from glaucoma worldwide. Glaucoma is most often caused by increased eye pressure, which results in damage to the optic nerve and visual field. Nevertheless, some patients suffer from glaucoma even though their eye pressure is normal. In this case, only a glaucoma specialist like Dr. Zwillinger can carry out the right tests for you.
Types of glaucoma
There are 2 main types of glaucoma: primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and angle-closure glaucoma (ACG). The first one is caused by the progressive clogging of the filter (or trabecular meshwork) that drains the aqueous humor from the eye. The development of POAG is slow and patients do not immediately feel the warning effects of elevated eye pressure. The second type is more sudden: acute glaucoma, also known as narrow-angle glaucoma, causes severe eye pain and vision loss and is considered as an ocular emergency. Glaucoma surgery is then necessary.
Treatment of glaucoma
All types of glaucoma should be treated. Depending on Dr. Zwillinger’s diagnosis, treatment can be carried out in several ways: either with eye drop instillation, laser therapy or eye surgery; all three methods may even be combined if necessary, with the aim of stopping the spread of the disease.
Dr. Zwillinger will be able to answer your questions and reassure you regarding the procedure to be followed.